The effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on dyspept...
Eur J Intern Med. 2009 Jul;20(4):419-23. Epub 2008 Dec 30.
Bektas M, Soykan I, Altan M, Alkan M, Ozden A.
Department of Gastroenterology, Ankara University, Medical School, Ibni Sina Hospital, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on gastroesophageal reflux, gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia.
METHODS: 20 H. pylori positive patients diagnosed as having functional dyspepsia according to Roma-II criteria completed the study period. Esophageal motility testing and pH recordings were obtained from each patient before and at the end of the study period. Each patient\"s gastrointestinal symptoms were evaluated according to Glasgow dyspepsia score. 36-Item short-form health survey (SF-36) and EDQ5 health survey were obtained form each patient.
RESULTS: H. pylori eradication was accomplished in 13 patients (65%). Glasgow dyspepsia symptom score improved in H. pylori eradicated patients (10.3 vs 7.5, p<0.05) compared to baseline. Fasting lower esophageal sphincter pressures increased (21.6 vs 25.4 mmHg, p<0.05) after H. pylori eradication Neither the amplitude of peristaltic contractions in the esophageal body (59.4 vs 57.7 mmHg, p=ns) nor the velocity of peristaltic contractions changed before and after eradication. The percent time of esophageal pH<4 (0.7 vs 2.6, p<0.001), reflux events longer than 5 min (0 vs 0.7, p<0.005) and total reflux number (10.3 vs 19.3, p<0.005) significantly increased after eradication therapy. In the SF-36 health-related quality of life survey, general health score was 3.5 vs. 3.4, physical activity 25.2 vs. 26.4, physical role 5.9 vs. 6.3, emotional pain 4.6 vs. 4.5, social activity 2.0 vs. 1.9, physical pain 3.4 vs. 3.0, vitality 32.3 vs. 34.6, and mental health 11.9 vs. 11.5, before and at the end of treatment (p=ns), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori eradication did not influence quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia. Majority of the patients experienced a significant change in esophageal acid exposure after H. pylori eradication. H. pylori eradication significantly decreases gastrointestinal symptoms, however has no effect on quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia.