甲亢 分享就医感受 & "常用不粘锅易得甲状腺病"
上次找倪青医生就诊时间或出院时间： 我是2009年10月转到倪大夫这里的。其实早就想到网站上来谈谈我的感受， 可是工作一直很忙，甲亢复发也与此有关。 上次就诊时做过的检查、结果、处置方案： 倪大夫无论从医术还是医德都不会让你失望。从每次就诊的点点滴滴能观察到他工作有多么忙，科室内的管理工作有多么繁杂。即便如此，他还能在劳累一天后，登陆网站， 悉心安慰病人：“什么都是别人的，只有身体和思想是自己的”， “世界上没有什么真正值得让你烦恼的事”... ... 我想，病友们都同意，倪大夫是为好医生，也是良师益友。因为他，我知道根治疾病是有希望的，中华医学的传承也是有希望的！ 现在病情、想获得的帮助： 我母亲推荐的文章，和大家分享。 http://health.sohu.com/20100126/n269828004.shtml 据英国《每日邮报》近日刊文指出，英国一项研究发现，经常使用不粘锅，会增加甲状腺疾病的发病率。 研究发现，导致疾病的主要成分是全氟辛酸铵，这是不粘锅、各种家具以及塑料制品中常用的一种材料，可以帮助形成光滑、不粘并且防水防脏的涂层。来自英国埃克塞特大学、英国半岛医学院等权威机构的研究人员，分析了美国疾控中心国家健康与营养调查中心保存的近4000人的血液样本数据，发现这些人体内全氟辛酸铵含量较高的人甲状腺疾病发病率是含量较低的人的两倍以上。 负责这项研究的公共卫生流行病学教授戴维•梅尔泽指出，这是首次发现人体内全氟辛酸铵含量与甲状腺疾病发病率之间的关系。 其实早在2004年，美国环境保护署就发出过警告，称美国杜邦公司生产的特富龙(TEFLON)不粘锅对人体健康带来潜在重大危害，也曾引发了“不粘锅可能致癌”的讨论。为此，美国环保署对杜邦公司处以了数亿美元的巨额罚款，这可能也是美国历史上最高额的一项环保罚金。 由于铁锅、不锈钢锅的普遍使用，我国不粘锅的使用率并没有国外高，但国际食品包装协会常务副会长兼秘书长董金狮在接受《生命时报》记者采访时仍提醒道，全氟辛酸铵存在各种健康隐患，甚至有致癌的危险，因此一定要科学使用。全氟辛酸铵的耐温点为280摄氏度，也就是说一旦超过这个温度，有害物质可能就会析出，建议少用不粘锅高温煎炸食物，煎炸的烹饪方法很容易让温度高达300度。可以多用其烹饪含水较多的食物，更不要干烧不粘锅。洗锅时别用材质硬的洗碗布，否则很容易破坏上面的镀层，以免有毒物质析出。 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1244883/Non-stick-pan-chemical-linked-thyroid-disease.html A chemical found in non- stick cookware and food packaging has been linked to thyroid disease. The substance, PFOA, which is found throughout the home, has previously been branded potentially carcinogenic. Now it has been further called into question by research which shows that those with higher levels in the blood have higher rates of thyroid disease. Women - who are more susceptible to thyroid problems - are at double the risk, according to the study. PFOA is used in industrial and consumer goods including non- stick cookware such as Teflon-coated pans - where it becomes unstable at very high temperatures - fast-food packaging, and flame-resistant and stain-resistant coatings for carpets and fabrics. It appears to get into the body by being swallowed or breathed in and there is no way of lowering levels in the blood. Researcher David Melzer, a professor of epidemiology and public health, said: 'There have long been suspicions that PFOA concentrations might be linked to changes in thyroid hormone levels. 'Our analysis shows that in the ＂ordinary＂ adult population there is a solid statistical link between higher concentrations of PFOA in blood and thyroid disease.' However, other experts pointed to research into workers with consistently high levels of exposure to the chemical that has not found a link with thyroid disease . Concerns over PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) and a similar chemical PFOS since the 1990s led U.S. safety chiefs to link them to cancer. Manufacturers have agreed to phase them out by 2015. The British researchers, from the University of Exeter and the Peninsula Medical School, analysed blood samples from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Samples from almost 4,000 adults taken between 1999 and 2006 were analysed for chemicals including PFOA and PFOS, the journal Environmental Health Perspectives reports. The researchers found those with the highest 25 per cent of PFOA concentrations were more than twice as likely to have thyroid disease than individuals with the lowest 50 per cent of PFOA concentrations. The study also showed that 16 per cent of women in the top quarter had the disease compared with just 8 in the bottom quarter. The type of thyroid problem, whether over-active or underactive, was unknown. Previous animal studies have shown the compounds can affect the function of the thyroid hormone system. This is essential for maintaining heart rate, regulating body temperature and supporting many other body functions, including metabolism, reproduction, digestion and mental health. Tamara Galloway, a professor in Ecotoxicology at the University of Exeter and the study's senior author, said: 'Our results highlight a real need for further research into the human health effects of lowlevel exposures to environmental chemicals like PFOA that are ubiquitous in the environment and in people's homes.' But Dr Diane Benford, Head of Toxicology of Food at the Food Standards Agency, said: 'Studies of workers with higher exposure to these compounds have not shown consistent evidence of increased risk of thyroid disease, which would be expected if effects are occurring in the general population.