本文摘要及全文见欧洲创伤心理学杂志（European Journal of Psychotraumatology）https://www.ejpt.net/index.php/ejpt，该杂志为开源期刊。
1 持续哀伤障碍的叙事重建 (NR) 治疗–理性与个案研究
背景：持续哀伤障碍 (PGD) 是一种潜在的失能状态，大约有10%丧失亲人的人会受此影响。已经有证据表明PGD的产生涉及到丧失记忆的整合受到损害，即丧失相关记忆的反复出现,同时伴随记忆混乱。叙事重建，最初被设计用于创伤后应激障碍（PTSD）的综合治疗模式，成分包括暴露于丧失相关记忆，以书面的方式重建丧失记忆的叙事，在丧亲者的记忆中突出个人的显著性。这些被证明在闯入症状的治疗中有效。
Keywords: 叙事重建; PGD; 丧失; PTSD; CBT;个案研究.
Name of translator: Xiwen Hu，Zhonglin Tan
Narrative Reconstruction (NR) Therapy for Prolonged Grief Disorder – Rational and Case Study
Tuvia Peri, Ilanit Hasson Ohayon, Sharon Garber, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Paul A. Boelen
Background: Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a potentially disabling condition affecting approximately ten percent of bereaved people. It has been suggested that the impaired integration of the loss memory, as expressed in recurrent memories of the loss and disorganization of the memory, is involved in the development of PGD. Narrative reconstruction (NR), originally designed for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in an integrative therapy module, and consisting of exposure to the loss memory, detailed written reconstruction of the loss memory narrative and an elaboration of the personal significance of that memory for the bereaved, has been shown to be effective in the treatment of intrusion symptoms.
Objective: In light of findings that cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), including cognitive restructuring and exposure, is effective in the treatment of PGD, we suggest the implementation of a somewhat novel therapy module, NR, for the treatment of intrusive phenomena in bereaved patients.
Method: The rationale for the implementation of NR for PGD and a case study of the treatment of a woman suffering from PGD after the death of her father are presented. Therapy took place in a university outpatient training clinic.
Results: Evaluations conducted before and after treatment and at a three-month follow-up demonstrated the effectiveness of NR in reducing symptoms of PGD and depression. The analysis of spontaneous narratives recorded before and after treatment showed an increased organization of the narratives.
Conclusions: This case report demonstrates an adaptation of NR for the treatment of PGD. The results provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of NR for PGD. The significance of the study and its limitations are discussed.
Keywords: Narrative Reconstruction; PGD; Bereavement; PTSD; CBT; Case Study.
Name of translator: Xiwen Hu, Zhonglin Tan
School performance after experiencing trauma: A longitudinal study of school functioning in survivors of the Utøya shootings in 2011
Ida Frugård Strøm, Jon-Håkon Schultz, Jon-Håkon Schultz, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb, Grete Dyb
Background: The psychological impact on survivors of terrorism has been well documented. However, studies on adolescent survivors and the academic performance of high school students following a terrorist attack are lacking.
Objective: This study investigated academic performance, absenteeism and school support of survivors of a terror attack in Norway
Method: Data from a longitudinal interview study were linked to officially registered grades of students (N= 64) who successfully completed their three year senior high school program. Statistical tests of mean differences and linear regression were used to compare the survivors’ registered grades with the national grade point average, before and after the event, as well as to assess absenteeism, self-reported grades and to test the association with school support.
Results: The students’ grades were lower the year after the event than they had been the year before and they were also lower than the national grade point average (p<0.001). However, their grades improved in the last year of high school, indicating possible recovery. Absence from school increased after the event, compared to the previous year. However, students reported high satisfaction with school support.
Conclusion: The results indicate that academic functioning was reduced in the year after the traumatic event, but for students who successfully completed high school, the school situation improved two years after the event. The findings underscore the importance of keeping trauma exposed students in school and providing support over time. A more defined educational approach to maintaining school attendance and educational measures which compensate for learning loss are needed in trauma sensitive teaching.
Key words: Terror event, Trauma, Adolescents, School performance, Registry grades, Absenteeism, School support
方法：被试父母 (N=62, 平均年龄=38)在儿童烧伤后0.8到5.6年 完成自评问卷。采用PCL-5、事件影响量表修订版 (IES-R)、蒙哥马利抑郁量表(MADRS)和压力察觉量表（PSS）测量。收集儿童烧伤严重程度和社会人口变量。
Keywords: PTSD; PCL-5; 儿童烧伤; 父母; 生理创伤; 验证
Name of translator: Xiwen Hu，Zhonglin Tan
PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE PTSD CHECKLIST FOR DSM-5: A PILOT STUDY
Josefin Sveen, Kristina Bondjers and Mimmie Willebrand
Background: To date there is a lack of studies assessing the psychometric properties of the recently revised PTSD Checklist (PCL), the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). The aim of this pilot study was to examine the psychometric properties of the PCL-5 in parents of children with burns.
Methods: The participating parents (N=62, mean age=38) completed self-report questionnaires, 0.8–5.6 years after their child’s burn. Measures were the PCL-5, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Burn severity of the child and sociodemographic variables was obtained.
Results: The parents’ average PCL-5 scores were low to moderate. The internal consistency of the PCL-5 was satisfactory, with Cronbach’s alpha ranging from 0.56 to 0.77 and mean inter-item correlations ranging from 0.22 to 0.73 for the four PCL-5 subscales and the PCL-5 total. The PCL-5 subscales were moderately to highly correlated with the corresponding IES-R subscales as well as MADRS and PSS (p<0.05), whereas associations with sociodemographics and burn severity were low to moderate.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary support for the use of PCL-5. The results indicate satisfactory psychometric properties of the PCL-5 as measured with internal consistency, test–retest reliability, and aspects of convergent validity.
Keywords: PTSD; PCL-5; child burn; parents; physical trauma; validation