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英语文献

迎亚运医学英语问诊常用语100句

发表者:邓宏 人已读

 
 

 

  问诊常用语 

1、Hello.May I help you?/How can I help you?广东省中医院肿瘤科邓宏
您好,我能为您效劳吗?/我能为您做些什么?

2、What's wrong with you?
您哪儿不舒服?

3、When did the trouble start?
什么时候开始不舒服?

4、How long ago was that?
症状是什么时候开始的?

5、How long have you been feeling like this?
这种症状有多久了?

6、What kind 0f treatment have you had?
您接受过什么治疗?

7、Would you mind I do a physical examination for you?
我现在要检查一下您的身体,您不介意吧?

8、I’d like to have a few tests for you.
我想给您做些检查。

9、I suggest that you have a blood test/sputum test/chest X-ray/ECG
/ultrasound scan.
我想给您做验血/验痰/胸部x光/心电图/超声波检查。
10、Please point to the part of your body where you feel pain/discomfort.
请指出您身体哪部分感到疼痛/不舒服。

11、Do you have any history of illness?
您既往曾患什么疾病?

12、Do you have any other existing health problems?
您现在患有其他病吗?

13、Are you on medication for existing illness?
您有没有作药物治疗?

14、Are you taking any other medication for any reason?
(e.g.contraceptive pills/vitamins)
您还因为别的原因吃其他的药吗? (如避孕药、维生素之类)

15、Have you had any bacterial or viral infection recently?
您最近是否受过细菌或病毒感染?

16、Have you had any medical tests recently?
您最近做过什么检查?

17、Do you smoke? How many cigarettes a day do smoke?
您吸烟吗?每天抽多少?

18、Do you drink alcohol?  How much do you drink a day?
您喝酒吗? 一天喝多少?

19、Is there anything you need to tell me that you think will be helpful?
您是否还有其他对病情有用的信息可以提供给我?

20、I’m afraid you will have to be hospitalized for further treatment/
investigation.
您需要住院治疗/检查。

21、We may need to do some more tests before we make diagnosis.
我们会做进一步的检查来确诊。

  呼吸系统疾病 

22、How long have you had cough?
您咳嗽多久了?

23、Do you have chest pain when you cough?
您咳嗽的时候胸痛吗?

24、Does your chest hurt when you breathe in and out?
您呼吸的时候胸口痛吗?

25、Do you have any sputum when you cough?
您咳嗽的时候有痰吗?

26、What’s the sputum like? What color is it?
痰是怎样的? 什么颜色?

27、It is yellow and thick,clear and thin.
它是黄色黏稠痰/稀薄痰。

28、Do you suffer from asthma?
您有哮喘病吗?

29、I need to listen to your lungs.Would you help me?
我需要听一听您的肺,请配合一下行吗?
30、I need to take your temperature, feel your pulse and measure your blood
pressure.
我需要量一下您的体温、脉搏和血压。

31、The results of your physical examination show that you suffer from mild
       pneumonia.You need to have intra-venous antibiotics.and I’ll
prescribe some pain-killers for your chest pain.
您的检查结果表明您有轻度肺炎。您需要静脉点滴抗生素,我会给
您开些止痛药缓解胸痛。

32、As your pneumonia is mild, I will also prescribe some oral tablets for
you.But if you do not feel better in three days, please come back to see
me.
您患的是轻度肺炎,我会给您开些口服药。如果您三天内没有好转,请再来就诊。

 心血管紧统疾病

33、How long have you had palpitation?
您感觉心悸有多长时间?

34、Does it get worse if you do any exercise,climbing the stairs for example?
您运动时,比如说爬楼梯的时候心跳会加剧吗?

35、Do your chest pain radiate?
您有放射性胸痛吗?

36、Do you ever have dizziness or lost consciousness?
您曾感到晕眩吗?您曾昏倒过吗?

37、Have you ever had heart disease? Please show me your medical record.
您以前有心脏病吗? 请给我看一下您的病历。
 消化系统疾病

38、How long have you had abdominal pain? Can you show me where it is?
您腹痛有多长时间了?您能指给我看是什么位置吗?

39、Are you vomiting? What do you vomit? What does it look like?
您呕吐吗? 吐的是什么东西? 呕吐物像什么?

40、How is your appetite?
您的胃口怎样?

41、Have you ever taken any contaminated food?
您有没有吃过不洁食物?

42、The food may have been contaminated.
食物可能被污染了。

43、How long have you had diarrhea? How many bowel movement have you
had a day?
您腹泻有多久了? 一天腹泻几次?

44、What does your stool look like? Is there any bloody stool?
您的粪便是什么性状的? 粪便中带血吗?

45、Do you have abdominal pain when you have diarrhea?
您腹泻的时候会腹痛吗?

46、Do you feel thirsty?
您感到口渴吗?

47、I need a specimen of your stool for test.
您的大便样本需要化验。

48、You must take more fluid, and just have a light diet until you feel better.
您需要补充水分,好转之前最好清淡饮食。

 泌尿疾病

49、Are you able to pass water normally? How often do you pass urine?
您排尿正常吗?您一天排几次尿?

50、Do you have to get up to pass urine at night?
您晚上需要起来小便吗?

51、Do you have pain when you pass urine? What color is your urine?
您小便的时候痛吗?您的小便是什么颜色?

52、Have you noticed any blood in your urine?
您的尿液有血吗?

53、Have you had any backache recently?
您最近后背痛吗?

54、I need to examine you.have your urine tested,and perhaps schedule an
ultrasound scan of your kidneys.
我需要为您做体检、小便化验,并安排您做肾脏超声波检查。

55、You may suffer from kidney stones.
您可能有肾结石。

56、I pass urine more frequently than usual.
我小便次数比平时多。

57、My urine is cloudy and it smells strong.
我的小便混浊,有异味。

 

 外伤、感染

58、How are you hurt? Where do you hurt and how painful is it?
您是怎么受伤的? 什么部位受伤? 有多痛?

59、Can you move it? Can you walk on it?
您能移动那个部位吗?您能走路吗?

60、Is your foot (finger) swollen?
您的脚 (手指) 肿吗?

61、Do you have any pins or tingling?
您是否感到刺痛或者麻痹?

62、Do you have any restricted movement?
您是否行动不便?

63、Do you have any trouble on walking?
您走路有问题吗?

64、You need to have a bandage/a plaster cast.
您需要绑绷带/打石膏。

65、I think I’ve twisted my ankle.
我的脚踝扭伤了。

66、You need to have a splint on your leg/arm.
您的腿/手臂需要用夹板固定。

 


  妇科疾病

67、Do you menstruate regularly?
您的月经正常吗?

68、When was your last period?
您最后一次月经是什么时候?

69、How many days does your period last'?
您的月经一般持续多少天?

70、Do you think you could be pregnant?
您觉得有可能是怀孕吗?

71、I noticed occasional spotting of blood between periods.
我发觉在月经周期之间时有出血。

72、There is a little bit itchy in my vaginal area.
我感到阴部发痒。

73、I have painful periods and abnormal vaginal discharge.
我有痛经,而且阴道有不正常的分泌物。

74、Have you had any miscarriages?
您曾有过流产吗?


  皮肤科疾病

75、What is your problem with your skin?
您的皮肤有什么问题?

76、Is it very itchy and sore?
它痒和痛吗?

77、Where did it spread?
它蔓延到什么地方了?

78、Have you had any creams or ointments?
您的皮肤局部有涂过药膏吗?

79、Has the skin condition improved after treatment?
治疗后皮肤的情况有好转吗?

80、I need to take a swab specimen from your skin and it won't hurt.
我需要从您的皮肤里取些样本做检查,检查时不会引起疼痛。

81、Please don't scratch it, otherwise, it easily causes infection.
请不要挠抓,否则容易引起感染。


 五官科疾病

82、When does the pain occur? Does it hurt only when you are eating or
throughout the day?
疼痛一般发生在什么时候?吃东西的时候痛还是整天痛个不停?

83、This tooth has decayed quite badly.So I think it will relieve you a lot
       if I remove the tooth.
这颗牙蛀得很厉害,只有把它拔了,你才能摆脱痛苦。

84、The gum around the tooth is swollen.We can't have the tooth extracted
 till we get the swelling down.
周围的牙龈肿了,必须消肿之后才能拔牙。

85、There is a small cavity to be filled.
有个蛀齿的小洞要填补。

86、Do you also get a headache while you have a earache?
当您耳朵痛的时候会伴随头痛吗?

87、Has your hearing got worse or you have lost it?
您有听力减退或丧失吗?

88、I need to examine your ear with an otoscope.
我需要用耳镜检查您的耳朵。

89、You need to have an MRI scan.
您需要接受核磁共振成像扫描。

90、You have acute otitis media.
您患了急性中耳炎。

91、Has your nose been hurt? Do you get any nose bleeding?
您的鼻子是否受过伤? 您有流鼻血吗?
 
    传 染 病 

92、Please tell me about your travel history.Have you had any contact history
with live birds or other poultry?
请告诉我有关您的外出旅游史。您有没有和活禽的接触史?

93、Have you received any vaccinations?
您有没有接受过疫苗接种?

94、To protect others, please wear a mask, and cover your mouth and nose
when coughing or sneezing.
为了保护他人,请戴上口罩,咳嗽或打喷嚏时遮住口和鼻子。

95、Do you have a fever / headache / muscle and joint pain or a rash?
您有发热/头痛/肌肉和关节痛/皮疹吗?

96、Have you been to a dengue fever epidemic area recently?
你近期到过登革热疫区吗?


 
   中  医 

97、If  you agree, I’d like to treat you with acupuncture.
如果您同意,我想用针灸给您治疗。

98、After insertion, the needles may be stimulated by being connected
 with a mild electric current.
针刺入以后,通过连接到微弱的电流产生刺激。

99、Traditional Chinese-Medicine (TCM) is one of the great cultural legacies
 of the Chinese nation with a long history.
中医学是中华民族的伟大文化遗产之一,有着悠久的历史。

100、Do you have neck pain and backache? Massage will relieve your
   symptoms.
您有颈痛和背痛吗? 按摩会缓解您的症状。
 
常用医学词汇

 症状常用语

    I have a fever/have a headache/have chest pain/have a stomachache/feel breathless/have been spitting blood/have heart palpitations/feel nauseous/have been vomiting/have been vomiting blood/have blood in my stool/have diarrhea/feel dizzy/feel faint.
我发烧/头痛/胸痛/腹痛/呼吸困难/咯血/心悸/恶心/呕吐/呕血/便血/腹泻/头晕/晕厥。

 呼吸系统疾病

  viral infection 病毒感染
  chest infection 胸部感染
  TB (pulmonary tuberculosis) 肺结核
  pneumonia 肺炎
  bronchitis 支气管炎
  secondary chest infection 胸部继发性感染
  emphysema 肺气肿
  upper respiratory tract infection 上呼吸道感染
  pleurisy 胸膜炎
  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)慢性阻塞性肺病
  lung cancer 肺癌
pulmonary embolism 肺栓塞
pneumothorax 气胸
stabbing pain 刺痛
sharp pain 锐痛
The pain comes in waves.阵痛
dyspnea 气促
chest pain 胸痛
cough 咳嗽
sticky sputum 痰液黏稠
thin sputum 稀痰
sore throat 咽喉痛
tonsillitis 扁桃体炎
sneezes 打喷嚏
running nose 流鼻涕
decompensation 呼吸困难
cyanopathy 发绀
chest fluoroscopy 胸透
chest radiogram  胸部照片

心血管系统疾病

dizziness 头晕
palpitation 心悸
arrhythmia 心律失常
electrocardiogram 心电图
abnormal electrocardiogram 不正常心电图
echocardiography  心脏B超检查
angiocardiography 心血管造影
cyanosis 紫绀
hypotensor 降血压药
cardiovascular problems 心血管问题
myocardial infarction (M.I.) 心肌梗死
angina 心绞痛
pericarditis 心包炎
a sense of pressure 压迫感
hypertension/high blood pressure 高血压
hypotension/low blood pressure 低血压
rheumatic heart disease 风湿性心脏病
coronary heart disease 冠心病
arteriosclerosis 动脉硬化症
acute myocarditis 急性心肌炎
angina pectoris 心绞痛
stroke 中风
cardiac failure 心力衰竭
coronary thrombosis 冠状动脉血栓
coronary atherosclerosis 冠状动脉粥样硬化
hypertensive heart disease 高血压性心脏病
   消化系统疾病 

diarrhea 腹泻
abdominal pain 腹痛
bloody stool 血便
loose stool 稀烂便
bloody purulent stool 脓血便
stomachache 胃痛
constipation 便秘
diabetes 糖尿病
food poisoning 食物中毒
dysentery 痢疾
intestinal obstruction 肠梗阻
dehydration 脱水
irritable bowel syndrome 肠道易激综合征
bowel tumor 肠肿瘤
enteritis 肠炎
appendicitis 阑尾炎
peptic ulcer 消化性溃疡
cholecystitis 胆囊炎
cholelithiasis 胆石病 (胆结石)
pancreatitis 胰腺炎

 泌尿系统疾病

urodynia 尿痛
frequent micturition 尿频
urgency of urination 尿急
bloody urination 血尿
urinary incontinence 尿失禁
prostatitis 前列腺炎
bladder tumor 膀胱肿瘤
chronic cystitis 慢性膀胱炎
carcinoma 0f prostate 前列腺癌
difficulty in passing urine 排尿困难
urethritis 尿道炎
nephritis 肾炎
carcinoma of the kidney 肾癌
kidney stones 肾结石
urine infection 尿路感染

 外伤、感染

dislocated 脱臼
sprained 扭伤
achilles rupture 脚踝扭伤
amputation of……截肢
fracture of toe/finger脚趾/手指骨折
elevated 抬高的
non-mobile/immobile 固定
splint 夹板
sling (triangular bandage) 悬带(三角绷带)
traction 牵引
back slab 悬臂板
rheumatoid arthritis 风湿性关节炎
joint replacement 关节置换术
arthritis 关节炎
knee and hip replacement 膝盖和臀关节置换
bunions 拇囊炎(拇指外翻)
slipped disc 椎间盘突出
spoils injuries 运动创伤
torn meniscus (knee) 半月板(膝盖)撕裂
burn 烧伤
scald 烫伤
control of bacterial infection 控制细菌感染

 妇科疾病 

polycystic ovaries 多囊卵巢
endometriosis 子宫内膜异位症
endocrine disease 内分泌疾病
ectopic pregnancy 宫外孕
prolapsed uterus 子宫下垂
irregular menstruation 月经不调
menopausal syndrome 更年期综合征
dysmenorrhea 痛经
pelvic inflammatory disease 盆腔炎
infertility 不孕
amenorrhea/amenia 闭经

 皮肤科疾病 

eczema 湿疹
urticaria 荨麻疹
insect bites 蚊虫叮咬
impetigo 脓疱病
dermatitis 皮炎
psoriasis 牛皮癣
rash 皮疹
chilblain 冻疮
scabies 疥疮
wart 疣

 五官科疾病 

toothache 牙痛
redness and swelling of the gum牙龈红肿
periodontic 牙周炎
caries 龋
pulpitis 牙髓炎
gingivitis 牙龈炎
affected tooth 病牙
dental caries 龋齿
suffocation 窒息
deafness 聋
hoarseness 声音嘶哑
loss of voice 失声
sore throat 喉咙痛
enlargement of tonsil 扁桃体肿大
rhinitis 鼻炎
dumbness 哑
nervous tinnitus 神经性耳鸣
sinusitis 鼻窦炎
cancer of larynx 喉癌
otitis media 中耳炎
snore 打鼾

 传 染 病 

whooping cough 百日咳
scarlet fever 猩红热
chicken-pox 水痘
epidemic encephalitis B 流行性乙型脑炎
mumps 腮腺炎
measles 麻疹
diphtheria 白喉
rubella 风疹
smallpox 天花
meningitis 脑膜炎
tetanus 破伤风
infective hepatitis 传染性肝炎
ascariasis 蛔虫病
malaria 疟疾
plague 瘟疫
filariasis 丝虫病
viral meningitis 病毒性脑膜炎
viremia 病毒血症
epidemic hemorrhagic fever 流行性出血热
viral respiratory infection 病毒性呼吸道感染
infectious complication 感染性并发症
yellow fever 黄热病
rabies 狂犬病
viral gastroenteritis 病毒性胃肠炎
recurrent infection 复发性感染
 中  医

moxibustion 灸法
massage 按摩
manipulation 推拿
physical therapy 理疗
herbal medicine 中药
herbal prescription 中药处方
herbal soup 中药汤剂

医院部门名称

Emergency Room 急诊室
Outpatient Department 门诊部
Inpatient Department 住院部
Registration Desk 挂号
Reception Room 接待室
Waiting Room 候诊室
Consultation Room 诊察室
Isolation Room 隔离室
Admission Office 住院处
Discharge Office 出院处
Doctors’ Office 医生办公室
Nursing Department 护理部
Department of Internal Medicine 内科
Department of Cardiology 心脏科
Dermatology 皮肤科
Otolaryngology 耳鼻喉科
Department of Endocrinology 内分泌科
Department of Gastroenterology 消化科
Department of Hematology 血液科
Department of Neurology 神经科
Department of Nuclear Medicine核 医学科
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 妇产科
Department of Oncology 肿瘤科
Department of Ophthalmology 眼科
Department of Orthopedics 整形外科
Department of Pediatrics 儿科
Department of Respiratory Medicine 呼吸科
Department of Psychiatry 精神科
Department of Rheumatology 风湿科
Stomatology 口腔科
Surgery 外科
Thoracic Surgery 胸外科
Department of Urology 泌尿科
Vascular Surgery 血管外科
Cardiovascular Surgery心血管外科
Cardiac Surgery 心脏外科
Gastrointestinal Surgery 胃肠外科
Department of Orthopedics 骨科
Department of Rehabilitation 康复科
Department of Traumatology 创伤外科
Urological Surgery 泌尿外科
Operation Room 手术室
Department of Physiotherapy 理疗科
Pharmacy 药房
Department of Pathology 病理科
MRI Scanning Room 核磁共振成像扫描室
Department of Radiology 放射科
Ultrasound Scanning Room B超室
Electrocardiogram (ECG) Room 心电图室
Emergency Room 急诊室
Disinfection Room 消毒室
Dressing Room 换药室
Information Desk 问询处
Injection Room 注射室
Laboratory of Biochemistry 生化室
Observation Ward 观察室
Therapeutic Room 治疗室
Laboratory 检验室

日期:2010-9-10

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发表于:2012-02-16 08:18

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